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“Museo de la Insurgencia”
Localidad de Pabellón de Hidalgo
Municipality: Rincón de Romos, Ags
Phone. 01(495) 818-02
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Hacienda and San Blas of Pabellón Church  
Towards the north, by the Pan-American road 45, 30 kilometers away from the city of Aguascalientes, there is a deviation to the left that leads, after 6 kilometers on an asphalted road to the village of Pabellón de Hidalgo, where is located the hacienda, the temple and the dam of San Blas of Pabellon. The hacienda was one of the most important of the region for its value and its extension. The first portions of lands date back to the late 16th century and in the next centuries the owner work to increase enormously their possessions, so that in the early 19th century Pabellon was already a dilated rustic property of 60,142 hectares, and made itself a real latifundio, rich in natural resources.

Its location was optimum: it ocupied the northwestern of the valley of Aguascalientes, with the Sierra Fria, where the flock grazed with commodity. Moreover, it was perfectly connected to the paths to the villa of Aguascalientes and the city of Zacatecas places where were sold the abundant products cultivated here.

For various reasons, the owners of the hacienda had to sell and let go a large amount of cultivable lands, about one quarter of them, to keep the best for the cultures, and produces enormous quantities of wheat.

By 1870 was a intention for a true modernization politics; well managed, they brought to the hacienda European cattle with the purpose to improve races; it has been equipped with a hydraulic mill and a turbine, built in the country and of which remains some parts, as well as machines to thresh and to winnow the corn, to chop stubble and straw, to thresh, to refine, to scrape off and to mill the wheat, to mill salt and threshed corn ears and grains for the oil. Sowing and reaping machine were adapted. A chemical laboratory where were made analysis of the soils and test of seeds and fertilizers, etc, was conditioned. Finally, on the early 20th century, the great property was dismembered.

Several dams supplied the cultures with water and got the mills working. A small dam located nearby the great house, with its containing wall on which were placed urns to indicate the level that could reach the water, shows us the splendor the hacienda reached in its apogee. Lots of elements of this hacienda still subsist, such as the corrals, the granaries, the stores and the great house.

This house, presently serve as museum of the insurrection. The historical importance of this place resides in that, coming from Guadalajara, the insurgent's armies, defeated short before by the general Felix Maria Calleja, the priest Miguel Hidalgo decided to come to this place and there he has been taken away from the leadership of the armies, as he was considered responsible for the earlier defeat. The museum keeps various objects, documents, pieces of furniture allusive to the independence war. The hacienda of San Blas of Pabellón keeps the beauty, the history and the architecture integrated to the landscape. In the temple, completed at the end of the 17th century, can be admired the solids and at the same time the beautiful buttress. In the center is a painting of the Guadalupe virgin, painted by Master Jose de Alcibar, bordered by a choir of angels, and at the top, the writing of San Blas, saint patron of the place, and to the sides two figures of San Ignacio Loyola. This singular altarpiece was assembled in 1782.
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