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Patria Square and Exedra
It is located in the center of the city, and surrounded by the main building that have transcended since the foundation of the village: the basilica cathedral, the government palace, the city hall, and the legislative palace.

Juan de Montoro and others inhabitants of the Lagos village, obtained from the king of Spain, Felipe the second, the authorization to found La Villa de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción de las Aguas Calientes, in 1575. In 1609 was decided that the Village had to be adjusted to congruent design. The village form was a square shape from a place with four sides of 84 meters, around which are the main buildings, the church to the west; the house of government to the south, and nearby the houses of the conquistadors.

At the center of this place, is a striped column with a ionic capital, that has been risen at the end of the viceroyalty, in 1808, by Manuel Tolsa, on the purpose to honor the king of Spain Carlos the fourth, but when the work was finished, was placed on the top, a quarry stone statue of his son, Fernando the seventh who had just ascended to the throne.

Alter the independence was consumed in 1821, the popular euphoria knocked down, and for a long time, the column remained that way, until 1986 when is placed an eagle devouring a snake, national symbol, copy of one realized by Jesus F. Contreras.

At the base of the columns were deposited the remains of the governor José Ma. Chavez, liberal hero shot in 1864 by the French forces.
 The Exedra 
The building of this semi-circular floor is made in pink quarry stone in a neoclassical style.

Between 1948 and 1949, the architect Roberto Alvarez Espinoza projected and built the Exedra and the four flying buttresses in the corners of the place, as well as the fountain dedicated to the musician and composer Manuel M. Ponce.
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