Ing. Carlos Lozano de la Torre

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In arts, sciences and culture
Francisco Pimentel (1832-1892):
Philologist, historian and politician. He was one of the founders of the Mexican Academy of Language. Secretary of the town council and prefect of Mexico City in the empire of Maximilian. He belonged to national and foreign scientific societies. He wrote several articles for the Universal Dictionary of History and Geography. Pioneer of the of the rights of the indigenes in Mexico as well as the analytic and systematic study of poetry and oratory.
Agustín Rómulo González (1836-1907):
Historian, journalist, writer and politician. Secretary of the town council of Aguascalientes. Representative. Redactor of the Official Diary. Director of the Literary Institute. President of the club of the reform and senator for Aguascalientes, charge he occupied until he died. Member of the Dramatic Writers Society “Manuel Eduardo Gorostiza” and of the Hidalgo High School. He collaborated in the papers “El porvenir”, “Los hombres Ilustres”, and “El siglo Diez y Nueve”. He founded several papers and the “Revista Universal”. Author of the book “History of the state of Aguascalientes”
Jesús Díaz De León (1850-1919):
Doctor, politician, writer and journalist. Local representative in several occasions. He proposed laws in subjects of public instruction. He founded the paper “El instructor”. He wrote several books about history, philosophy, scientific literary and poetry. Along with Manuel Gomez Portugal, he wrote “Notes for the study of Hygiene in Aguascalientes”.
José Guadalupe Posada Aguilar (1852-1913):
Printer, lithographer and caricaturist. Teacher of lithography in the National Preparatory School. He made drawings and gravures for the papers “La patria ilustrada”, “El Ahuizote”, El hijo del Ahuizote”, and “El padre Cobos”. He founded “La gaceta callejera”. The editorial of Ireneo Paz used his services as he was doing political caricatures or caricatures describing the customs of the country. His works includes 20 thousands gravures with songs, orations, caricatures, portraits, posters, political satire and its classical skeletons, among which the “Catrina skeletons”. Posada put in his gravures his view of the world and the character of the Mexicans along with the expresionismof the social reality.
Jesús F. Contreras (1866-1902):
Sculptor. He helped to the elaboration of the statue of Cuauhtemoc in Mexico City. He took part in the Universal exposition of Paris in 1889, along with Colinerte. He established the artistic foundation in which he realized a lot of equestrian and heroic sculptures, such as the one of Ignacio Zaragoza in Puebla, Benito Juarez in Chihuahua and some others more in Saltillo, Guadalajara, Zacatecas, and Mexico City. In 1900, he won the first prize of the Universal Exposition of Paris for his work “Malgré Tout”.
Ezequiel A. Chávez (1868-1946):
Educator, lawyer, and politician. Representative in the congreso of the union. He collaborated in the reorganization of the national educational system. Sub-secretary of public instruction and of arts. Director of the preparatory to the faculty of high studies of Mexico. Founder of the National school of teachers and of the High studies school. Rector of the UNAM. In 1915 he proposed the federalization of teaching and the university autonomy. Teacher at the UNAM as well as in schools of Cincinnati, California and Madrid. He founded with the anthropologist Franz Boas, the international school of Archaeology and Ethnography. He received the doctorate Honoris Causa and the gold medal for emeritus teacher of thr UNAM. He published lots of poetry, history, and education articles.
Eduardo J. Correa (1874-1965):
Lawyer, journalist, politician and writer. Federal representative for Aguascalientes. Secretary of the tribunal of Aguascalientes and of Public Ministry. Member of the Catholic National Party and director of its information wing “la Nacion”. Founder of the papers “La provincia”, “La bohemia”, “Debate” and “El observador”. He wrote several books such as “a trip to termapolis”, “The shadow of prestige” and “horizons”, the latter with Dr Atl.
Alberto J. Pani (1878-1955):
Engineer, politician and diplomat. He directed hydraulic projects and the building of the fine arts palace in Mexico city. Subsecretary to public instruction and director of public works in the government of Madero. Delegate to the conference of New London and Atlantic City, for the incursion of Villa to Columbus and the punitive expedition of general Pershing. Representative of Mexico at the treaty of Versailles that ended world war I. Secretary of foreign affairs of treasury, of industry and commerce. Ambassador in France and Spain. He published several books, among them: “Biographic notes” and “ The Mexican-American affair during the government of Obregon.
Saturnino Herrán (1888-1918):
Drawer and painter. Drawer in the inspection of archaeological monuments. He innovated the Mexican painting introducing the Mexican life and traditions in his works. His most distinguished works were “La ofrenda”, “El trabajo”, “La leyenda de los volcanes”, “El cofrade de San Miguel” and “Nuestros Dioses”.
Alfonso Esparza Oteo (1894-1950):
Miusician and compositor. At the age of twelve he gave a concert of the sonatas of Beethoven and studies of Chopin. He enlisted in the villistas forces during the revolution. He directed the Typical Presidential Orchestra in the government of Obregon. He founded the syndicate of authors and compositors. He was the head of the folkloric sections of Fine Arts and the artistic section of several radios. Artistic director of the latin department of Columbia records, of New York. He realized international tours. He wrote more than 50 songs, among them “Un Viejo amor”, “fue mentira”, “India bonita”, “vals azul”, and “Plenitud”.
Antonio Arias Bernal (1914-1960):
Drawer and caricaturist. He published in papers and magazines such as “Mexico al Dia”, “semanario ven”, “Hoy”, “Mañana”, “Jueves de Excelsior”, “el mundo” and “la prensa”. His posters were reproduced in “El Collier's Magazine”, “Life”, and “the New York Times”. He was in charge of the first page of the magazine “Siempre”. He received the gold medal of the state in the American Union and the prize Mary Moors Cabot of the university of Columbia for his comic strips “The bombs and the dream of Hitler” and “Don Timorato”.
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